Ans. SharePoint 2010 is a web Application platform developed by Microsoft in 2001 it is basically associated with content management System or Document management . SharePoint is Design as a central application platform for common enterprise web requirements. SharePoint's multi-purpose design allows for management, scaling, and provisioning (creating) of a broad variety of business applications.
SharePoint also contains pre-defined 'applications' for commonly requested functionality, such as intranet portals, extranets, websites, document & file management, collaboration spaces, social tools, enterprise search and business intelligence. Other common use-cases for SharePoint include process integration, system integration, workflow automation, and providing core infrastructure for third-party solutions (such as ERP, CRM, BI, and social enterprise packages
History of SharePoint:
1st version in 2000
SharePoint portal server 2001/ SharePoint Team service
2nd Version in 2003
SharePoint portal server 2003/WSS2.0
3rd Version in 2007
Moss (Microsoft Office SharePoint Services)2007 / WSS 3.0
4th Version in 2010
SharePoint Server 2010/SharePoint Foundation or WSS 4.0
SharePoint 2010 Capabilities
SharePoint 2010 Sites provides a single infrastructure for all your business Web sites. Share documents with colleagues, manage projects with partners and publish information to customers.
SharePoint 2010 Communities delivers great collaboration tools—and a single platform to manage them. Make it easy for people to share ideas and work together the way they want.
SharePoint 2010 Composites offers tools and components for creating do-it-yourself business solutions. Build no-code solutions to rapidly respond to business needs.
SharePoint 2010 Content makes content management easy. Set up compliance measures ”behind the scenes”—with features like document types, retention polices and automatic content sorting—and then let people work naturally in Microsoft Office.
SharePoint 2010 Insights gives everyone access to the information in databases, reports and business applications. Help people locate the information they need to make good decisions.
SharePoint 2010 Search cuts through the clutter. A unique combination of relevance, refinement and social cues helps people find the information and contacts they need to get their jobs done.